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Fly Neighbourly Advice for the Tasman National Park

24/08/2019

Public comment is invited on the draft Tasman National Park Fly Neighbourly Advice. The draft Fly Neighbourly Advice has been prepared by the Tasmania Parks and Wildlife Service in response to increasing air traffic over the Tasman National Park.More

Hybrid diesel-electric shuttle buses at Cradle Mountain - a first for National p

19/08/2019

When you next visit Cradle Mountain you will be able to step aboard one of the new hybrid, diesel-electric, shuttle buses on your trip to Dove Lake. These new buses will reduce emissions and deliver a quieter, all mobility friendly, visitor experience.More

AFAC Independent Operational Review of the 2018-19 bushfires

08/08/2019

Following the 2018-19 bushfires the Tasmanian Government commissioned an independent report by the Australasian Fire and Emergency Service Council to review the overall response and identify areas where more can be done to improve the State's response andMore

Southern Toadlet, Pseudophryne semimarmorata

Southern Toadlet
Southern Toadlet
(Photograph by Alex Dudley)

Description

The Southern Toadlet has a warty, dark brown to olive green upper surface. The undersurface, however, is brilliantly patterned with marbled dark brown to black and bluish white. Indeed, the Southern Toadlet is a close relative of the well-known and vividly patterned Corroboree Frog of the southern alps of mainland Australia. The Southern Toadlet reaches a body length of 35 mm.

Breeding

The species breeds in temporary ponds during from late summer to early autumn, during which time the males call can be heard. Clutches of up to 200 eggs are laid on land in a shallow nest constructed by the male. These nests become flooded with the onset of winter

Southern Toadlet - Underside

Undersurface of Southern
Toadlet (Photo by PWS)
rains. The larvae develop to quite an advanced stage within the egg, hatching at least 42 days after laying. Tadpoles reach 20 mm and undergo metamorphosis 6-8 months after hatching.

Vocalisations

Southern Toadlet

Males call from shallow nests built beneath soil or leaf litter during the autumn. Surprisingly, members of this genus of frog lack functional hearing apparatus. It is not known how they are able to hear airborne sounds, although one theory suggests that airborne sounds may be conducted through the bones of the skull. (Audio recordings courtesy of Ron Nagorcka/Central North Field Naturalists)

Southern Toadlet
Distribution map courtesy
Natural Values Atlas
,
data from theLIST
© 2010 State of Tasmania.

Distribution and Habitat

The Southern Toadlet is found from central to eastern Tasmania and Flinders Island, where it prefers open forest, grasslands and sedgelands. It is also found in southern Victoria and South Australia.

Strictly speaking, there are no toads in Australia, with the exception of the introduced cane toad. However, many Australian species, including the Southern Toadlet, are commonly known as toads or toadlets. This has arisen due to their superficial similarity to the warty toads that were familiar to the first European settlers.