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Eco-tourism projects proceed to the next stage of the EOI process


The Hodgman Liberal Government has announced that four projects will proceed to the next stage of the Expression Of Interest process.More

Improved access to Ralphs Falls


The Ralphs Falls track, one of Tasmania's 60 Great Short Walks within the Mt Victoria Regional Reserve, is now open to the public after repairs and upgrades.More

Providing a safe environment for penguins requires responsible dog ownership


The Parks and Wildlife Service (PWS) suspect that dogs are responsible for six more penguin deaths at Sulphur Creek near Burnie on 1 November, bringing the total to 20 penguins killed in the area over the last seven days.More

Forty-Spotted Pardalote, Pardalotus quadragintus

40-spotted pardalote

Forty-spotted pardalote
(Photo by Dave Watts)


One of the smallest birds in Australia, the endemic Forty-spotted Pardalote is threatened with extinction. For full details of its plight, see our threatened species pages.

The Forty-spotted Pardalote belongs to a group known as 'diamond birds' because of their tiny, jewel-like appearance. Measuring about 90 - 100 mm, the body is light olive green with pale yellow around the eye and on the rump. The wings are black with distinctive white dots. Unlike its close relative, the spotted pardalote, there are no head markings.


Forty-spotted Pardalotes live in dry eucalypt forests and woodlands only where white gum (Eucalyptus viminalis) occurs.

The species can sometimes be seen at Maria Island National Park, the Labillardiere Peninsula in South Bruny National Park and the Peter Murrell Reserve near Kingston.


They feed on a variety of insects, and also lerps (a protective insect coating) and manna, a sugary secretion produced by the tree in response to insect attack. The birds are called 'foliage gleaners' because of the way they pick the insects from the leaves and branches.


The nest is  built of fine bark and usually placed in the hollow of a mature tree. Four white, lustrous eggs are laid.


The call is a low pitched 'where... where... where... where'.

Distribution Map courtesy Natural Values Atlas, data from theLIST
© 2010 State of Tasmania


The rare and threatened Forty-spotted Pardalote is found in suitable habitat in a few, scattered eastern and southern localities, including Maria Island, Bruny Island, Tinderbox and Flinders Island.