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Improved facilities for off-road recreational drivers at Adamsfield

19/02/2015

A new day use shelter providing improved facilities for off-road recreational drivers has been completed at Adamsfield in the Adamsfield Conservation Area, part of the Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area.More

Mystery of Risso's dolphin strandings continues

11/02/2015

The mystery of multiple strandings of Risso's dolphins on Australia's eastern seaboard continues with another Risso's dolphin being found dead at a remote part of Reidle Bay on Maria Island.More

Volunteer caretakers lend a welcome hand

06/02/2015

Volunteer caretakers at Cape Bruny, the Bruny Island Quarantine Station, Cockle Creek and Melaleuca have all reported bumper visitor numbers during the peak holiday period.More

Forty-Spotted Pardalote, Pardalotus quadragintus

40-spotted pardalote

Forty-spotted pardalote
(Photo by Dave Watts)

Description

One of the smallest birds in Australia, the endemic Forty-spotted Pardalote is threatened with extinction. For full details of its plight, see our threatened species pages.

The Forty-spotted Pardalote belongs to a group known as 'diamond birds' because of their tiny, jewel-like appearance. Measuring about 90 - 100 mm, the body is light olive green with pale yellow around the eye and on the rump. The wings are black with distinctive white dots. Unlike its close relative, the spotted pardalote, there are no head markings.

Habitat

Forty-spotted Pardalotes live in dry eucalypt forests and woodlands only where white gum (Eucalyptus viminalis) occurs.

The species can sometimes be seen at Maria Island National Park, the Labillardiere Peninsula in South Bruny National Park and the Peter Murrell Reserve near Kingston.

Diet

They feed on a variety of insects, and also lerps (a protective insect coating) and manna, a sugary secretion produced by the tree in response to insect attack. The birds are called 'foliage gleaners' because of the way they pick the insects from the leaves and branches.

Breeding

The nest is  built of fine bark and usually placed in the hollow of a mature tree. Four white, lustrous eggs are laid.

Call

The call is a low pitched 'where... where... where... where'.

Distribution Map courtesy Natural Values Atlas, data from theLIST
© 2010 State of Tasmania

Distribution

The rare and threatened Forty-spotted Pardalote is found in suitable habitat in a few, scattered eastern and southern localities, including Maria Island, Bruny Island, Tinderbox and Flinders Island.