Our Website. Good or Bad? Tell us what you think.

Our Latest News

Harnessing the power of social media to promote Tasmania to the world

16/04/2015

An iconic Tasmanian attraction is being promoted to the world every day through the eyes of visitors in an innovative pilot project using social media.More

Community protection fuel reduction burns continue

13/04/2015

This past week saw the Parks and Wildlife Service complete another four asset protection burns to provide protection for communities around the State, with another burn going ahead today.More

Granite Creek bridge improves off-road safety

02/04/2015

A new bridge at Granite Creek on the Climies Track, linking Trial Harbour and Granville Harbour, will improve safety for mountain bike riders, bushwalkers and four-wheel drive enthusiasts.
More

Sooty Oystercatcher, Haematopus fuliginosus

Description

The Sooty Oystercatcher reaches up to 510mm in length. It has entirely black plumage and, indeed, is the only all-black shorebird in Australia. It has a long red bill, red eye and dark pink legs. Males and females are similar in appearance and young birds are a duller brown rather than black. It is often seen with the similar (black and white) Pied Oystercatcher.

Habitat

The Sooty Oystercatcher is a coastal bird, preferring rocky shores in contrast to the Pied Oystercatcher, which is frequently found on beaches. The Sooty Oystercatcher will, however, occasionally be seen on sandy beaches. It is found either singularly or in pairs. It breeds on offshore islands and isolated rocky headlands. 

Diet

The name "oystercatcher" is a misnomer because they seldom eat oysters. Pied Oystercatchers feed mainly on bivalve molluscs, worms, crabs and other crustaceans, starfish, seaurchins and small fish, using its long bill to stab, lever, prise or hammer open food items.

Breeding

The Sooty Oystercatcher breeds in Spring and Summer. They nest in a scrape on the ground among pebbles or shells, pigface or seaweed on rocky shores  above the high-tide mark.two to three eggs are laid. Both members of a breeding pair incubate the eggs and care for the young. Nest are vulnerable to disturbance from dogs, and 4WD and people traversing beaches above the hightide mark.

Call

The call - similar to the Pied Oystercatcher - is sharp, ringing "klepp, kleep".
Distribution Map courtesy Natural Values Atlas, data from theLIST
© 2010 State of Tasmania

Distribution

The Sooty Oystercatcher is found only in Australia and is widespread in coastal eastern, southern and western Australia.

They are common around the coast of Tasmania, and particularly on the Bass Strait islands.