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Silver gull, Larus novaehollandiae

Silver Gulls are most commonly known simply as "seagulls". They the most common gull in Australia, and one of the most familar of all birds, largely as a result of their conspicuous scavenging in public areas.


The Silver Gull is a relatively small gull (to 450mm) with a white head, tail and underparts, and a light grey back. The wings are light grey with white-spotted black tips. The bill, legs and eye-ring are bright orange-red, tending to get redder with age. Males and females are similar in appearance. Juvenilles have brown patterns on their wings, and a dark beak.


The Silver Gull is common through a wide range of habitats, and is often seen along beaches and coastlines, public parks, ports and rubbish tips. It is rarely seen far from land.


The Silver Gull, in the absence of human habitation, feeds on  worms, fish, insects and crustaceans.

It has become a successful scavenger, allowing increased numbers near human settlements.


Silver Gulls nest in large colonies on offshore islands. Often two broods will be raised in a year.

Both adults share nest-building, incubation and feeding duties.

Eggs are laid in a shallow nest scrape on the ground, lined with seaweed and vegetation. The typical clutch size is 1-3 eggs.


It has a harsh voice consisting of a variety of call, Including a repeated "karr".
Distribution Map courtesy Natural Values Atlas, data from theLIST
© 2010 State of Tasmania


The Silver Gull is common throughout Australia. It has been found throughout the continent, but particularly coastal areas. It is also found in New Zealand and New Caledonia.