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Green and gold frog

Current status

[Photo of Peedra Branca skink by H. Wapstra.]

The Green and gold frog (Litoria raniformis) is listed as rare under the Tasmanian Threatened Species Protection Act 1995 and the Federal Act. The striped marsh frog is the only other listed amphibian. It is also listed as rare.

What do we know about these frogs?

Although it belongs to the tree frog group, it actually spends most of its time on the ground. Like all frogs the male has a distinctive call. This frog makes a low growling sound and in Victoria it is called the "growling grass frog". It lives in weedy ponds, dams and streams and is most common in northern Tasmania, with some occurrences in the east and south of the State.

Why is the green and gold frog threatened?

The number and distribution of these frogs is declining, particularly in north-west Tasmania. Much of this frog's habitat is disappearing. This may be due to such practices as draining land for other purposes, including agriculture and housing development. Ponds and creeks are being polluted by chemicals such as fertilisers and insecticides which runoff into our waterways after rain. Stock can also cause damage to our waterways when they come down to drink causing soil erosion problems which affects the water quality and the animals that can live in the water. Another big threat to frogs is their collection and use as fish bait.

What can be done?

Education is an important way of helping people understand the effect their actions can have on their environment and the animals that rely on it. Many schools are adopting Landcare projects that involve studying and testing water quality in their local environment. One example is Margate Primary School near Hobart where students are involved in the Coffee Creek Landcare group. Other programs aim to increase awareness among communities.

We need to safeguard this frog where it occurs and prevent further destruction of its habitat. Farmers are being encouraged to leave areas of land in their natural state and replant riparian vegetation (ie. plants that grow along the banks of our waterways).

View Distribution Map
Hear the call of Litoria raniformis

Recommended further reading:

  • Martin A. and M. J. Littlejohn 1982. Tasmanian Amphibians. University of Tasmania.